Enrichment Studies | Luke & Acts

Enrichment StudIES, Vol 1: Luke and Acts

“And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works…”
Hebrews 10:24Hebrews 10:24
English: World English Bible - WEB

24 Let us consider how to provoke one another to love and good works,

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Thanks to all who encouraged me to put this together! I really enjoy curriculum development, and after helping put together a women’s Bible study for Genesis, I had hoped to continue on with the rest of the Pentateuch. But then I had another baby. So during this life stage, I will be content with trying out these Enrichment Studies. There aren’t any study questions, as this is mainly a self-study, where you get to do all the work and learn how to study Scripture on your own!

In this first volume, we will read and study the gospel narratives of Luke and Acts over a course of 11 weeks. My desire is that this book can be used to enrich our lives with Truth, goodness, and beauty. God’s Word is active and living. My prayer is that this book will help us, as Christian women, to practically develop skills, the passion to study the Bible on their own, and hide it in our hearts.

For goodness and beauty, we will take a few minutes each day to feast upon great literature that causes us to reflect on things that are good and beautiful works of art and music that stir us to praise Him. Since this is a self-study so you can put in as much time as you are able. It is designed to be concise and efficient, but if time allows you are welcome to meditate and reflect on all that we are studying.

Each week along with the Scripture reading from Luke or Acts there will also be memory work, copywork, readings from literature and church history, a hymn study, an art study, and an ongoing composer study. Throughout the study we will also be working on maps, timelines, a Commonplace Book, and developing the habit of “one-anothering”.

The Enrichment Studies: Vol 1, Luke & Acts  is currently available as a PDF which you can download for free. I want this study to be available to everyone so there is no charge, but if you feel would like to send a contribution, you can do so via PayPal or by clicking the button below.

Thank you so much for all your support! If you have gone through this study I would love to hear any feedback you may have. Please send me an e-mail or comment below!

Materials you will need:

  • Notebook or Journal
  • Pen or Pencil
  • Bible
  • A Gospel Primer for Christians: Learning to See the Glories of God’s Love by Milton Vincent (Amazon | Kindle | Free PDF)
  • The Pilgrim’s Progress: From This World to That Which Is to Come, Delivered Under the Similitude of a Dream by Paul Bunyan (Amazon | Kindle | Free PDF)
  • Trial and Triumph: Stories from Church History by Richard M. Hannula (Amazon | Kindle | Free PDF)
  • Handel’s Messiah (some options below)
    • by London Philharmonic Orchestra & Choir and George Frederic Handel (Amazon | iTunes | Free on YouTube)
    • by Polyphony, Britten Sinfonia & Stephen Layton and George Frederic Handel (Amazon | iTunes)
  • Access to Internet – to search for artwork, or to listen to Handel’s Messiah

Optional:

  • Women of the Word: How to Study the Bible with Both Our Hearts and Our Minds by Jen Wilkin
    (Amazon | Kindle)

Thank you again for encouragement and support in putting this together!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recommended Resources:

Luke

  • The Words and Works of Jesus Christ: A Study of the Life of Christ by J. Dwight Pentecost (Amazon | Kindle)
  • “Read Scripture: Luke Ch. 1-9” by The Bible Project (YouTube)
  • “Read Scripture: Luke Ch. 10-24” by The Bible Project (YouTube)

Acts

  • “Read Scripture: Acts Ch. 1-12” by The Bible Project (YouTube)
  • “Read Scripture: Acts Ch. 13-28” by The Bible Project (YouTube)

Catechism

  • Truth and Grace Memory Book, Book 1 by Tom Ascol (Amazon)

Hymn Study

George Frederic Handel

  • Handel at the Court of Kings by Opal Wheeler (Amazon)
  • “Hallelujah Handel” by Classical Kids (Amazon | iTunes)

Sunday Readings

  • Alive in Him: How Being Embraced by the Love of Christ Changes Everything by Gloria Furman (Amazon | Kindle)
  • Being There: How to Love Those Who Are Hurting by Dave Furman (Amazon | Kindle)
  • By This Name by John Cross (Amazon | Kindle)
  • The Green Letters: Principles of Spiritual Growth by Miles J. Stanford (Amazon)
  • Messy Beautiful Friendship: Finding and Nurturing Deep and Lasting Relationships by Christine Hoover (Amazon | Kindle)
  • Missional Motherhood: The Everyday Ministry of Motherhood in the Grand Plan of God by Gloria Furman (Amazon | Kindle)
  • None Like Him: 10 Ways God Is Different from Us (and Why That’s a Good Thing by Jen Wilkin (Amazon | Kindle)
  • One-to-One Bible Reading by David Helm (Amazon | Kindle)
  • Teaching from Rest: A Homeschooler’s Guide to Unshakable Peace by Sarah Mackenzie (Amazon | Kindle)
  • Treasuring Christ When Your Hands Are Full: Gospel Meditations for Busy Moms by Gloria Furman (Amazon | Kindle)
  • Women of the Word: How to Study the Bible with Both Our Hearts and Our Minds by Jen Wilkin (Amazon | Kindle)

 

(Lauren Ducommun is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.)

How to Buy Homeschool Curriculum While Overseas

I’ve been in crazy homeschool planning mode for the past month! It was spurred on by an upcoming maternity home assignment, which is giving me an opportunity to bring back books! I’ve chosen a curriculum base that is very book heavy, and because of this my curriculum list was pretty long. As missionaries overseas, you can’t go out to a used book store or thrift store to search for homeschool books, or attend homeschool fairs to browse and buy. I’ve had to do all of my shopping via the internet, or through the help of friends and family who are keeping an eye out for books for me. I thought I’d note and share the sites I used and discounts I’ve found for missionaries who are living overseas and planning their homeschool curriculum!

Where to buy used books?

Since library book sales and used book stores aren’t available in my country (even if they were they aren’t in the language we’re choosing to homeschool in), I’ve scoured these sites in search of the most affordable used books for our curriculum:

  • *Abebooks.com, many sellers offer free shipping
  • Amazon.com, even offers some global int’l shipping
  • BarnesandNoble.com,
  • BetterWorldBooks.com, free shipping worldwide (though prices are pretty high, it’s better to buy from them through eBay)
  • BookDepository.com, free delivery worldwide (through again prices are high, and end up being about the same as Amazon Global Shipping)
  • *eBay.com, you can “Buy it Now”, “Make an Offer”, or try bidding and many sellers offer free shipping
  • Facebook.com, groups like these [1], [2], [3], [4], [5] or these [1], [2], [3] and pay with PayPal
  • Instagram, you can find a few decent used book sellers through searches
  • ThriftBooks.com, free shipping for purchases over $10

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What curriculum discounts are there for missionaries?

Many homeschool curriculums are sold by Christian businesses and thus offer a discount to missionaries, though they may have a certain criteria where the missionary serves, their ministry, or statement of belief.

No discounts available at this time directly from: Veritas PressTeaching Textbooks.

Waiting to hear back from: A Beka Book – free shipping, Logos PressWell Trained MindSingapore Math, Classical Academic Press, and Five in a Row.

* My favorite sites to shop (for best deals!)

Do you know of any other curriculums that offer discounts? Or great places to buy used books? Please comment below and let us know!

How do I get my books and curriculum to my region of service?

  1. Have books shipped internationally, either directly from the seller or by friends or family
  2. Have books brought with visitors or missionaries returning from the States
  3. Plan ahead and bring back from home assignment.

413ZbMC-qfL._SY355_If bringing lots of books in your luggage, I recommend buying a Rubbermaid Rough Neck Tote  (18-gallon/60-litre), as it is strong, water-resistant, and lighter than most suitcases or Action Packers. We drilled holes in the tops of our lids and fastened the lids to the totes with zip-ties. We supply extra zip-ties for airport workers, and after all of our national and international flights, we’ve never had anything missing or broken in our Rubbermaids! They also have a lifetime warranty, though I haven’t checked if drilling holes voids that warranty.


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how to buy homeschool curriculum overseas missionaries

Printables for Studying a Bible Passage

In this past year I had the awesome opportunity to help study for and develop part of a ladies’ Bible study curriculum for the book of Genesis. It was a lot of work, but studying through passages of Genesis every week was such a fruitful time. Digging deep into God’s Word helps us understand why the author wrote the passage, learn about the character of God, and see where Christ and the gospel is in the text. I wanted to put together a concise tool, in this case a print-out, to help myself and other women study passages of Scripture.

printable for studying a bible passage

Here are four PDFs available to download: the first one is “Observations“, the second is “Context“, and the third is “Application“. The fourth is for those who just want the questions, maybe because they would rather journal their findings. I hope that they will be a helpful resource to you as you study God’s Word. These print-outs aren’t exhaustive, but I hope they can help jump start your study! (Artwork is designed by Freepix)

If you have any questions about anything in the printables, please write them in the comments below. I would also love to hear if they have been helpful, or if there is something you think is missing that I should add.

12 Verses of Truth

When we were living in Canada, we were counselled and encouraged by an incredible missionary couple, Pete & Leah Humphreys. They spent 17 years church planting among a people group in the hot and dusty deserts of Paraguay. For the biblical counseling they provide, she created a book called the “Wall of Truth”. It is a spiral-bound book full of verses that tells Truth about who we are, who He is, what He does, why God is doing certain things, our response of thankfulness, and our response of forgiveness. It is such a great book, because it pages of Scripture. Leah encourages people to hang up Scripture on their walls to remind themselves of what is true of them and what is true of God.

I put together a few Bible verse cards with verses taken from her book to print and hang up around my office. You can download a PDF of the verses I made here, “Wall of Truth Cards“. This if my first PDF I’ve uploaded, so if there are issues or if you have ideas of how I can improve these, please let me know! (Artwork designed by Freepik).

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I highly recommend reading In-ka-hai: How Sweet It Is that tells the story of the challenges and joys that the Humphreys faced while working with a people group in Paraguay.

There Should Be a Doula For Missionaries

I have been blessed to be able to train and work as a “doula”. This job involves encouraging, coaching, informing, and physically supporting woman through the incredible experience of childbirth. During the tough parts of labor, when mom is in transition or pushing, she can feel overwhelmed or discouraged. As a doula, I can’t tell a mom in the midst of labor pains, “Don’t worry, if you don’t like it, you can just go home” or “If it’s too hard, you can always stop, someone else can do this job for you.” Childbirth doesn’t quite work like that. One way or another, this baby needs to be born. So I get to challenge and encourage these women saying, “Mom, I know this is hard and painful, but you can do this! You’re doing such a great job, and soon you’ll get to hold your baby!” What a privilege it is to see these mothers regain focus, remember she can do this, and deliver her baby.

In some ways, missions is a lot like childbirth. So often we’re tempted to think, “I can’t do this. I can’t do this!” or “This it’s too difficult, I can’t continue.” Even the best of us get discouraged and overwhelmed at times.

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Missionaries have an awesome job. They get to share the Gospel with people who have never heard. Many times, they are the only people available and able to communicate this message and failure can mean years, if not decades, more waiting for the lost. That is a tremendous burden to bear. Sometimes, missionaries share fears and feeling of hopelessness with partners, friends, or their home churches and too often the reply is, “Why don’t you just come home?” “Think about your health!” “Think about your family and friends here!” These well meaning comments can be loving, but what missionaries don’t need during struggles is an encouragement to quit, they need someone to respond like a doula. Someone to remind them of Biblical truths and help them focus on Christ! “Missionary, this is already hard and painful, but you can do this through Christ! He has done amazing things already and will continue to do great things through you! Don’t forget that soon you’ll get to fall into the arms of Christ!”

Missionaries can’t take the Gospel to the unreached alone, they need the Body of Christ to walk with them through trials or difficulties. Will you be that help?! Will you “hold the ropes” of those who are descending into the spiritually dark regions of the World? Will you pray, send letters of encouragement, or even call a missionary? Will you step up to the task of being a “doula” to the missionary?!


The Leedahl’s journey to the mission field included many miracles, but a life-altering accident only 7 months into their time in Papua New Guinea left them asking… “Why, God?” This is their journey.


If you’d like to join our prayer team and read how you can encourage and pray for us, you can sign up for e-mail updates or contact us to request a prayer card.

Adventures in Homeschooling | Planning for Preschool, Pre-K, and Kindergarten

We are departing for Asia-Pacific in two months, and I’m narrowing down what our Family Education Plan will be for the next 4 years (Aug 2015 – June 2019). Quite the process, but I’m excited to try what we’ve planned. Along with that I’m trying to pick and choose what and how much to bring along with us – we only get 6 free pieces of luggage total. So what will we be doing academically between now and when we return in 2019? A lot of it is familiar to me as I my mom used a lot of the curriculum below when homeschooling my sister and I. I think the curriculum plan I’ve put together is mostly a mix between Charlotte Mason, Classical, and Montessori styles of education. Here we go!

Preschool:

Preschool Homeschool Curriculum

For preschool (ages 3-4) I am basically following Charlotte Mason’s methodology so I’ll focus on teaching about God, developing good habits, lots of outdoor and nature activities, as well as reading “living” books. I’m also hoping involve Montessori activities to develop motor skills, play, and discovery – Pinterest is great for ideas!

The Well-Trained MindSimply Charlotte Mason, and Ambleside Online have been tremendously helpful in my planning. I’m bringing books recommended from those sources, as well as a few from Sonlight P3/4, Before Five in a Row, and My Father’s World.

For Bible we’ll be using The Big Picture Storybook Bible and Truth & Grace Memory Book 1, and accompanying with songs from Songs for Saplings: God and Creation and __. I’ve also purchased Rod & Staff’s preschool activity workbooks, this Patternables book to use with pattern blocks, Lauri’s shape and color sorter, foam magnet letters, and I am hoping to find a copy of Get Ready for the Code.

For our nature walks it’ll be handy to have a magnifying glass, bug box, bug net, and binoculars; though we will only be bringing a magnifying glass along with us.

Pre-Kindergarten/Junior Kindergarten:

Pre-K Homeschool Curriculum

This is pretty similar to what I have planned for preschool, by using living books recommended by Ambleside, Well-Trained Mind, and Simply Charlotte Mason, along with books recommended from Sonlight’s P4/5 and My Father’s World’s Pre-K. For Bible we’ll be using The Lamb and continuing through the Truth & Grace Memory Book 1.

I have ordered Rod & Staff’s ABC Series and My Father’s World’s activity cards to use along with beads and patterns, counting bears, foam alphabet puzzles and lacing shapes (from the dollar store).

Kindergarten/Senior Kindergarten:
I’m hoping to start integrating Peace Hill Press’s curriculum for kindergarten. I have a list of living books, along with some books recommended from Sonlight’s K, My Father’s World’s K, Veritas Press, and Five in a Row. While I haven’t decided whether to use Saxon Math K or Singapore’s Earlybird Math, I’m excited to use Explore the Code and Lollipop Logic. For fun we’ll supplement math with Cuisenaire rods and the Cusienaire Alphabet Book and Lauri’s pegs and pegboard set.

I think we will be using the Zaner-Bloser K for writing and The Ordinary Parent’s Guide to Teaching Reading along with a list of easy readers and Bob Books. I haven’t ordered anything from Peace Hill Press yet, as I’m hoping someone will come to visit us in two years and be able to bring these items along with them.

For Bible we will be reading The Jesus Storybook Bible. I’m also hoping to collect some field guides for the region of the world we will be living in to use on our nature walks, and to supplement the science books that Peace Hill recommends. Oh, and these art cards.


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Since the list was so long, I created a Google Document for it. You can access the list through this link.


Are you homeschooling or have plans to homeschool? Comment your education plan below! Have you used any of these books or curriculum? I’d love to hear about your experience, new ideas, and what you are doing, too!

Dispensations Timeline

Back when we were students at New Tribes Bible Institute, one of our assignments was to make a “Dispensations” Timeline. It was so beneficial to see how God has communicated to mankind throughout our history on earth, and drawing it out helped me grasp the big picture context of biblical history that we were learning from our Hermeneutics II class. Take a look!

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Do you find timelines or using colored pencils, etc., are helpful as you study God’s Word? Share in the comments below!

Dispensations Timeline

Why Maternal and Neonatal Care?

Why did I become a doula? Why am I a midwife assistant? Why am I considering becoming a student midwife? While I’ve lived in North America I’ve seen how many women don’t know that they have choices during their prenatal care, labor, delivery, and during the postnatal period., and how they fear childbirth. Astonishingly, maternal mortality in the United States is more than double the maternal mortality rate in Saudi Arabia and Canada, and more than triple the rate in the United Kingdom.  Working as a doula in North America not only has helped me support my education and gain experience by attending births, but it also has allowed me to see women make informed choices and deliver their babies into a calm and joyful environment.

Since we are moving to a remote region in a developing country, I thought it would be helpful to know more about prenatal care and childbirth in the region we will be living in. I’m hoping that through providing maternal and neonatal care we can share God’s love and show the community we’re in that we truly care for them, that they can trust us, and that hopefully by training other women and helping assist women we can keep babies and moms alive and healthy!

“Give justice to the weak and the fatherless; maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute.” Psalm 82:3Psalm 82:3
English: World English Bible - WEB

3 “Defend the weak, the poor, and the fatherless. Maintain the rights of the poor and oppressed.

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Here are some facts I’ve found about pregnancy and childbirth in “Asia-Pacific”. The maternal mortality rate in this country is one of the highest in South-East Asia. In 2010 the maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for “Asia-Pacific” was 240. In the eastern-most provinces, rates can be as high as 396 deaths per 100,000. In comparison, the maternal mortality rate in Australia is 5 per 100,000 births, and in Singapore it is 4 per 100,000 births. The number one cause of death is postpartum hemorrhage, but there are many other contributors as well.

The neonatal mortality rate in “Asia-Pacific” is 14 per 1,000. In regions like the eastern-most provinces, there are people groups were up to 85% of babies die before they are 1 year old. In Australia it is 3 per 1,000, and in Singapore it is 1 per 1,000.

Pneumonia accounts for 26% of infant death, diarrhea 19%, and malaria 11%. 1 in 10 children are born with low birth weight, often because their mothers are undernourished before and during pregnancy.

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Alarmingly, the eastern-most provinces have the highest rate of HIV in the country relative to the population and have half of all the diagnosed cases of HIV/AIDS in the country.

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These eastern-most provinces also have the lowest life expectancy of all provinces in Asia-Pacific, particularly for women, who have a life expectancy of 50.3 years compared to the national average of 71.

Many times these deaths could have been be easily prevented with recognition of abnormal symptoms, referrals to health worker, adequate nutrition, antibiotics or medications, or immunizations.

“Indigenous peoples have the right to access, without any discrimination, to all medical institutions, health services and medical care.” Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People, The United Nations Commission on Human Rights

I haven’t personally been to Asia-Pacific yet, so I’m only going by these facts. Learning about these statistics and watching Healing for Hewa, a video that shows Samaritan’s Purse sending medical workers to the Hewa people group where New Tribes Missionaries work, also had a huge impact on my desire to gain more education and experience about childbirth. I’d highly recommend watching it below:

I have no idea how God is going to use my training, but I’m willing to do whatever He has put before me to help people whom He has created and to further His kingdom!

“And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.” Mark 16:15Mark 16:15
English: World English Bible - WEB

15 He said to them, “Go into all the world, and preach the Gospel to the whole creation.

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*photos by Adiel Booker*

Y’all, I Can Drive a Motorcycle!

I didn’t think I would do it, but ever since my husband returned from Asia-Pacific and talked to women there they all said I need to learn how to drive a motorcycle ?

So I signed up for a course and paid the fee before I could chicken out. I never thought I would ever ride a donor-cycle, I mean, motorcycle. While some women would seize this opportunity, this was definitely something way out of my comfort zone.

I was so nervous and sick as I waited for the hours to pass before my first driving class started. It didn’t help that I had to drive through traffic and crazy roads/tunnels to Alameda, or that I got harassed by a guy after stopping at In’N’Out (oh yes, I rewarded myself with a hamburger), or that I got a flat tire when I safely arrived back home.

I prayed a lot more that day than I had all week. I really wanted to learn how to ride a motorcycle, but the pressure of having to take a driving test to pass the course really got to me! I was struggling with anxiety and fear, hence all the praying.

The next class I finally sat on the bike (for the first time ever), walked it around, learned where all the important parts were and how to drive in straight lines, corner, make hard stops, weave, etc. By the end of the class I was enjoying it! I was actually looking forward to the next class so I could ride again. And the last day of class when we all took our skills test, I made one of top scores in the entire class! Is that crazy or what? I took my certificate to the DMV, passed the written test, and now I’m the owner of a California M license!

Now I can practice and look forward to riding in Asia-Pacific. Please keep me in your prayers 😉

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Observations in Genesis, Part 2

 

[See previous passage, Gen. 1:1-2:4Gen. 1:1-2:4
English: World English Bible - WEB

Genesis 1 1 In the beginning God After “God,” the Hebrew has the two letters “Aleph Tav” as a grammatical marker. created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters. 3 God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 4 God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. There was evening and there was morning, one day. 6 God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7 God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse, and it was so. 8 God called the expanse sky. There was evening and there was morning, a second day. 9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear,” and it was so. 10 God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters he called Seas. God saw that it was good. 11 God said, “Let the earth put forth grass, herbs yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with its seed in it, on the earth,” and it was so. 12 The earth brought forth grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with its seed in it, after their kind: and God saw that it was good. 13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day. 14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of sky to give light on the earth,” and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of sky to give light to the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day. 20 God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of sky.” 21 God created the large sea creatures, and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. 24 God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind, cattle, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind,” and it was so. 25 God made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. God saw that it was good. 26 God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” 29 God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree, which bears fruit yielding seed. It will be your food. 30 To every animal of the earth, and to every bird of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food.” And it was so. 31 God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. There was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. 2 1 The heavens and the earth were finished, and all their guardians. 2 On the seventh day God finished his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 God blessed the seventh day, and made it holy, because he rested in it from all his work which he had created and made. 4 This is the history of the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that Yahweh God made earth and the heavens.

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| See next passage, Gen. 3:1-24Gen. 3:1-24
English: World English Bible - WEB

3 1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any animal of the field which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Yes, has God said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden?’” 2 The woman said to the serpent, “Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat, 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat of it, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’” 4 The serpent said to the woman, “You won’t surely die, 5 for God knows that in the day you eat it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit of it, and ate; and she gave some to her husband with her, and he ate. 7 Both of their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked. They sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8 They heard the voice of Yahweh God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden. 9 Yahweh God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?” 10 The man said, “I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.” 11 God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.” 13 Yahweh God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” 14 Yahweh God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all cattle, and above every animal of the field. On your belly shall you go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life. 15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel.” 16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth. In pain you will bring forth children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” 17 To Adam he said, “Because you have listened to your wife’s voice, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground for your sake. In toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. 18 Thorns also and thistles will it bring forth to you; and you will eat the herb of the field. 19 By the sweat of your face will you eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” 20 The man called his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all living. 21 Yahweh God made coats of skins for Adam and for his wife, and clothed them. 22 Yahweh God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil. Now, lest he put forth his hand, and also take of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever...” 23 Therefore Yahweh God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. 24 So he drove out the man; and he placed Cherubs at the east of the garden of Eden, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

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]Observations in Genesis Part 1

A brief un-exhaustive summary of observations made through personal study of the book of Genesis.

PASSAGEGenesis 2:4-24Genesis 2:4-24
English: World English Bible - WEB

4 This is the history of the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that Yahweh God made earth and the heavens. 5 No plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for Yahweh God had not caused it to rain on the earth. There was not a man to till the ground, 6 but a mist went up from the earth, and watered the whole surface of the ground. 7 Yahweh God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. 8 Yahweh God planted a garden eastward, in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9 Out of the ground Yahweh God made every tree to grow that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 A river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became four heads. 11 The name of the first is Pishon: this is the one which flows through the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 12 and the gold of that land is good. There is aromatic resin and the onyx stone. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon: the same river that flows through the whole land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is Hiddekel: this is the one which flows in front of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates. 15 Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. 16 Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat: 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat of it you will surely die.” 18 Yahweh God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him.” 19 Out of the ground Yahweh God formed every animal of the field, and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. Whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. 20 The man gave names to all cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every animal of the field; but for man there was not found a helper suitable for him. 21 Yahweh God caused a deep sleep to fall on the man, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place. 22 He made the rib, which Yahweh God had taken from the man, into a woman, and brought her to the man. 23 The man said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. She will be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.” 24 Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother, and will join with his wife, and they will be one flesh.

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CONTEXT

Literary Context: This passage is right after the account of creation, and sets the scene for the next passage (Genesis 3:1-24Genesis 3:1-24
English: World English Bible - WEB

3 1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any animal of the field which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Yes, has God said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden?’” 2 The woman said to the serpent, “Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat, 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat of it, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’” 4 The serpent said to the woman, “You won’t surely die, 5 for God knows that in the day you eat it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit of it, and ate; and she gave some to her husband with her, and he ate. 7 Both of their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked. They sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8 They heard the voice of Yahweh God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden. 9 Yahweh God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?” 10 The man said, “I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.” 11 God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.” 13 Yahweh God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” 14 Yahweh God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all cattle, and above every animal of the field. On your belly shall you go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life. 15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel.” 16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth. In pain you will bring forth children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” 17 To Adam he said, “Because you have listened to your wife’s voice, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground for your sake. In toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. 18 Thorns also and thistles will it bring forth to you; and you will eat the herb of the field. 19 By the sweat of your face will you eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” 20 The man called his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all living. 21 Yahweh God made coats of skins for Adam and for his wife, and clothed them. 22 Yahweh God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil. Now, lest he put forth his hand, and also take of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever...” 23 Therefore Yahweh God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. 24 So he drove out the man; and he placed Cherubs at the east of the garden of Eden, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

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). We are introduced the garden of Eden, told a little extra about Creation, and how God made mankind male and female. We also see a personal and communicative God in being introduced to his personal name Yahweh.

Genesis 2:24Genesis 2:24
English: World English Bible - WEB

24 Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother, and will join with his wife, and they will be one flesh.

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is a narrative aside .

Cultural and Historical Context: We are introduced to the “tree of life” in Genesis 2:9Genesis 2:9
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9 Out of the ground Yahweh God made every tree to grow that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

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. We also see the “tree of life” being mentioned several times in the last book of the Bible, in Revelation 2:7, 22:4Revelation 2:7, 22:4
English: World English Bible - WEB

7 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. To him who overcomes I will give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of my God. 22 Behold, I will throw her into a bed, and those who commit adultery with her into great oppression, unless they repent of her works.

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, and 24. 


OBSERVATIONS

Key Words and Phrases: sprung/spring, formed, ground, tree, good, river, every, “put man in garden”

Characters: God, Adam, Eve, and animals

Plot: God makes Adam and puts him in the garden of Eden to work and commands him not to eat from Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. God said it wasn’t good for man to be alone, and said he will make a helper for him. God brought every animal to Adam to name, but Adam doesn’t find a suitable helper. So God puts Adam to sleep and makes a woman out of one of Adam’s ribs. God brought Eve to Adam and he rejoices in the suitable helper that God had created. Adam and Eve are married – become one flesh – and aren’t ashamed of their nakedness.

Structure/Outline:Screen Shot 2015-07-24 at 12.32.43 PM


What do we learn about God?: LORD God is Yahweh, which is His personal name. He is the source of life, an abundant provider, creates beautiful and useful things, our authority, and a giver of good gifts. He is loving, holy, just, righteous, compassionate, caring, relational, all-powerful (omnipotent), and creative.

What do we learn about man?: Man is formed from the dust of the ground by God who also breathed into his nostrils the given breath of life. Man was put in the garden of Eden by God to work and keep the garden. God made trees for food, but commanded man not to eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. It was God who said it was not good for man to be alone, and that he would make a helper for man. God brought the animals to man to name, and we learn that man is intelligent an discerning. No animals were suitable helpers for man. Woman was formed out of man’s rib and brought to man. Man rejoices in the creation of his helper, “woman”. The man and woman become husband and wife and are one flesh.  Man and his wife were naked and unashamed.

Themes or EmphasisGod formed man in a unique way and created a special place for man to work and live, with the only command of not eating from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. God wanted man to have a helper and counterpart/wife, so he created woman.

Author’s Aim: To teach people that God is the one who created man, both male and female, with a place to dwell in, roles suitable to them both, and relationships with one another, animals, and God.


Where is Christ or the gospel in the text?: Here in this passage God lovingly creates man and woman. Already in just the second chapter of Genesis, we see God’s love for mankind and the relationship that is started between God and man. It was because of God’s love that he promised, and later sent, Christ. We are reminded of John 3:16John 3:16
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16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

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which says, “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.”

We also know from in the New Testament that Christ created man and woman for Himself (Colossians 1:16Colossians 1:16
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16 For by him were all things created, in the heavens and on the earth, things visible and things invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things have been created through him, and for him.

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), and that one of the purposes of marriage is to reflect Christ’s relationship with the Church (Ephesians 5:21-32Ephesians 5:21-32
English: World English Bible - WEB

21 subjecting yourselves one to another in the fear of Christ. 22 Wives, be subject to your own husbands, as to the Lord. 23 For the husband is the head of the wife, and Christ also is the head of the assembly, being himself the savior of the body. 24 But as the assembly is subject to Christ, so let the wives also be to their own husbands in everything. 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the assembly, and gave himself up for it; 26 that he might sanctify it, having cleansed it by the washing of water with the word, 27 that he might present the assembly to himself gloriously, not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. 28 Even so ought husbands also to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his own wife loves himself. 29 For no man ever hated his own flesh; but nourishes and cherishes it, even as the Lord also does the assembly; 30 because we are members of his body, of his flesh and bones. 31 “For this cause a man will leave his father and mother, and will be joined to his wife. The two will become one flesh.” 32 This mystery is great, but I speak concerning Christ and of the assembly.

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).

Application: Do we believe that the account in the garden of Eden is an actual historical event? That man was actually created by God from the dust and woman from man’s rib? Do we fight to be outside out of the roles God has given us? Do we view marriage and work as from the Lord?


Discussion Questions (share your thoughts in the comments): Why are the rivers mentioned, or why are they important? Could they and did they eat from the Tree of Life? What kind of “knowledge” comes from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil? Wisdom? Omniscience? Consequences? Why did God create Adam from dirt instead of from nothing? Why did God create woman? Why did man need a helper? Why did God create Eve from Adam’s rib instead of dust? If a woman isn’t married (is unmarried/widow/divorced) are they still supposed to be a helper to man? How is man created differently from animals?

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